Nancy Sherman is a distinguished University Professor and
Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University. In 1997-1999, she served as the inaugural
holder of the Distinguished Chair in Ethics at the United States Naval Academy.
She is the author of The Untold War:
Inside the Hearts, Minds, and Souls of our Soldiers (W.W. Norton 2010); Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy Behind the Military Mind (Oxford
2005); Making A Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue (Cambridge
1997); The Fabric of Character: Aristotle’s Theory of Virtue (Oxford 1989). She is also the editor of Critical Essays on the Classics: Aristotle’s Ethics (Rowman and
Littlefield 1999). The Untold War was
a NY Times “Editors’ Choice” and a
featured “pick” of TIME magazine.
Sherman’s research is in the general area of ethics, history
of moral philosophy, ancient philosophy, military ethics, moral psychology, and
the emotions. Her work has been translated into many languages. She has been the recipient of many national
awards, including fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the National
Endowment for the Humanities, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for
Scholars, the American Philosophical Society, the American Council of Learned
Societies, the American Philosophical Society, the Mellon Foundation, and the
Newcombe Fellowship Foundation of the Woodrow Wilson. She is currently writing a book, Making Peace With War, on the moral
psychology of returning from war, with a focus on positive reactive attitudes,
such as trust, hope, and self-empathy, critical for moral repair.
Prof. Sherman holds a Ph.D. from Harvard University in
philosophy, an M. Litt. in philosophy from University of Edinburgh, and a B.A.
from Bryn Mawr College, magna cum laude,
with honors. Sherman is also a research graduate of the Washington
Psychoanalytic Institute. Before
arriving at Georgetown, she was an Assistant and Associate Professor at Yale.
She is currently affiliated with the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown
and frequently teaches at the Georgetown University Law Center. Sherman has held numerous posts in the APA Eastern Division over the years. She currently serves on the Nominating Committee of the Eastern Division, and was elected the Eastern Division Representative to the APA. She has been a member of the APA Committee on Committees, and the Program Committee.
In October of 2005, Sherman was part of a small team invited
by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to visit Guantanamo
Bay Detention Center to observe and advise on medical and psychological conditions
of detainees and matters of medical ethics. In 2011, she was invited as an
observer to the Vice Chief of the Army’s Suicide Review Board. Sherman’s views
on military ethics have been featured broadly in the media, at home and abroad.
University of Minnesota
Valerie Tiberius is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Minnesota, where she has taught since 1998. She earned her B.A. from the University of Toronto and her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She has served on the executive board of the Central Division of the APA, the APA Committee for the Status of Women, and the executive board of the Moral Psychology Research Group.
Tiberius’s work is in ethics and moral psychology. One of her main research interests has been in explaining how Humeans – who think that norms and values must be, in some way, grounded in our sentiments rather than in pure principles of reason or special facts about the world – can make sense of moral, prudential and other norms. She has developed the view that the key to making sense of normative notions like reasons, oughts, and values, is to see how our sentiments form stable patterns that constitute justifications for us.
Her recent work is grounded in this Humean picture, but addresses more practical questions. Her book, The Reflective Life: Living Wisely With Our Limits (Oxford 2008), examines how we ought to think about practical wisdom and living a good life given what we now know about ourselves from empirical psychology. She argues for the importance of virtues such as perspective, optimism and moderate self-awareness as crucial to living well. She is currently writing a book on well-being, Well-Being as Value Fulfillment, which defends a theory of well-being and takes up the question of how to help other people live better lives.
A common theme in Tiberius’s recent work is how philosophy and psychology can both contribute to the study of well-being and virtue. She is just finishing up an introduction to moral psychology that brings together traditional philosophical approaches and new, alternative empirical approaches in order to investigate questions about, for instance, moral motivation, moral responsibility, and reasons to be moral. Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction will be published by Routledge next year. She has received grants from the Templeton Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities to work on her various projects.
Lydia Goehr has been Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University for twenty years. Her work is primarily in the history, ancient and modern, of aesthetic theory. Engaged with the history and politics of the arts, her work focuses on understanding how norms and power have come to be contained in and by concepts that structure and regulate practices. She has written extensively on concepts of the musical art, although recently her work has turned to the complex and agonistic role that the very concept of music has had in generating the age-old contest of the arts, a contest that has pitted not only the different arts against each other but also philosophy and religion against the arts. Although she has not worked in feminist philosophy, her engagement with critical theory and the ideology of war has allowed her to pursue parallel arguments that test the grounds or legitimation of different forms of authority.
In addition to many articles on the thought of Theodor W. Adorno, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Arthur Danto, she is the author of three books, The Imaginary Museum of Musical Works: An Essay in the Philosophy of Music; The Quest for Voice: Music, Politics, and the Limits of Philosophy; and Elective Affinities: Musical Essays on the History of Aesthetic Theory, and co-editor with Daniel Herwitz of The Don Giovanni Moment. Essays on the Legacy of an Opera (2006). With Gregg Horowitz, she is series editor of Columbia Themes in Philosophy, Social Criticism, and the Arts, Columbia University Press.
At Columbia, she offers courses in the history of aesthetic theory, the contemporary philosophy of the arts, critical theory, and the philosophy of history. Her current seminar is on thought-experiments in philosophy and the arts. In 2009/2010 she received a Lenfest Distinguished Columbia Faculty Award, in 2007/8 The Graduate Student Advisory Council (GSAC)'s Faculty Mentoring Award (FMA), and in 2005, a Columbia University Presidential Award for Outstanding Teaching. She is a recipient of Mellon, Getty, and Guggenheim Fellowships, and in 1997 was the Visiting Ernest Bloch Professor in the Music Department at U. California, Berkeley. She has been a Trustee of the American Society for Aesthetics and is a member of the New York Institute of the Humanities. In 2012, she was awarded the H. Colin Slim Award by the American Musicological Society for an article on Wagner's Die Meistersinger. She has also spent much time in Europe. In 2002-3, she was the visiting Aby Warburg Professor in Hamburg and a fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. In 2005-6, she delivered the Royal Holloway-British Library Lectures in Musicology in London and the Wort Lectures at Cambridge University. In 2008, she was a Visiting Professor at the Freie Universität, Berlin (Cluster: "The Language of Emotions") and in 2009, a visiting professor in the FU-Berlin SFB Theater und Fest. Although educated in London, she lives intellectually and emotionally on the plane between Berlin and New York.
Amy Allen is Parents Distinguished Research Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy and Women’s and Gender Studies at Dartmouth College, where she has taught since 1997. She chaired the Department of Philosophy at Dartmouth from 2006-2012. She is currently Executive Co-Director of SPEP, the Society for Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy; a member of the APA Eastern Division Executive Committee; Co-Editor in Chief of the journal Constellations: An International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory; and series editor of the Columbia University Press series New Directions in Critical Theory. She has received prestigious fellowships from the Humboldt Foundation, the American Association of University Women, and the Marion and Jasper Whiting Foundation. In 2010 she was named one of the 100 most notable alumni of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern University, one of only two philosophers, and the only woman philosopher, to receive that honor.
Allen received her PhD in philosophy in 1996 from Northwestern, with a dissertation on feminist theories of power, under the direction of Nancy Fraser. In 1999, she published a revised and expanded version of this dissertation as a book entitled The Power of Feminist Theory: Domination, Resistance, Solidarity (Westview Press). In The Power of Feminist Theory, Allen critically assesses existing feminist conceptions of power, including those presupposed by radical feminists, ethic of care feminists, and French feminists, and draws on the work of Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, and Hannah Arendt to develop a new feminist conception of power. Central to Allen’s conceptualization of power is her distinction between different modalities of power – including power-over, power-to, and power-with – and her attempt to understand how these different modalities relate to one another. Her analysis of power-with, in particular, has been influential in subsequent debates about power.
Allen’s second book, The Politics of Our Selves: Power, Autonomy and Gender in Contemporary Critical Theory (Columbia University Press, 2008), furthers the line of inquiry laid out in her earlier work, but focuses more specifically on the relationship between power and autonomy in the constitution of the subject. Here Allen tackles a question that has vexed feminist theorists and critical theorists alike: whether it is possible to understand gendered subjects as both constituted by power relations and capable of being autonomously self-constituting. Allen maintains that it is. Through a critical reconstruction and radical re-interpretation of the work of Foucault and Jürgen Habermas, as well as an analysis of the closely related feminist debate between Judith Butler, Nancy Fraser, and Seyla Benhabib, she develops an account of what she calls the politics of our selves. The aim of this account is to analyze power and subjection in all their depth and complexity but without giving up on the possibility of autonomy understood as critical reflection on and deliberate self-transformation of the relations of power that constitute us as gendered subjects.
Allen’s current research project aims to expand her conceptualization of power to encompass issues of nationality and culture within a transnational frame. This move has been driven by the recognition that a genuinely intersectional analysis of gender subordination must not only encompass race, class, sexuality and gender but must also confront issues of nationalism, colonialism and post-colonialism, and cultural imperialism. Her current work explores the pressure that this transnational, intersectional, postcolonial feminist perspective puts on the broadly speaking left-Hegelian strategy, adopted by prominent critical theorists such as Habermas and Axel Honneth, that seeks to ground normativity in a progressive reading of history. Her aim is to find an alternative strategy for grounding normativity that remains true to the methodology of critical social theory while taking on board a postcolonial-feminist perspective. This project will soon culminate in a book, tentatively titled The End of Progress: Critical Theory in Postcolonial Times.
Susanne Sreedhar is an assistant professor of philosophy at Boston University. Her influential research addresses the moral and political questions that arise within the history of the social contract tradition. The bulk of this research thus far has focused on the nature and scope of political obligation, and the justifiability of civil disobedience. She is the author of Hobbes on Resistance: Defying the Leviathan (Cambridge University Press, 2010) in which she defends a novel interpretation of Hobbes’s account of political obligation and authority. While most scholars view Hobbes as a theorist who advocates complete submission to an absolute sovereign, she articulates a coherent Hobbesian account of the right to disobey and resist sovereign power. She wants not only to expound various aspects of Hobbes’s philosophy, but also to put him in conversation with other theorists of his time (e.g., Grotius, Pufendorf, Filmer, and Locke in the 17th century; Montesquieu, Voltaire, Kant, and Rousseau in the 18th century). She is interested in the transformation of social contract theory itself, the emergence of ideals of religious toleration, and the development of constitutionalism and democratic theory through the French and American revolutions.
Professor Sreedhar’s most recent work is in feminist history of philosophy. She has begun a second book, tentatively entitled Gender and Early Modern Social Contract Theory that takes up questions about the family, gender, and sexuality in 17th and 18th century political thought. In this book she will argue that, from the perspective of gender, there is a radical potential for equality inherent in modern social contract theory that has been present since its inception. She wants to trace the ways in which that potential has been recognized - or indeed, dismissed, purposefully ignored, and circumvented - by the contract theorists themselves, as well as by many of their critics. While there have been sweeping critiques of the contract tradition, alongside defenses and re-readings of individual members, Sreedhar aims to give a sustained investigation into the feminist potential of the tradition as a whole. She has received fellowships from the Boston University Center for the Humanities and the National Humanities Center in North Carolina to support this research.
She teaches courses on ethics, political philosophy, philosophy of law, the history of philosophy, and the philosophy of gender and sexuality.
University of Kentucky
Joan Callahan is Professor Emerita of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, where she taught for over twenty years and served on the Committee on Social Theory and as Director of Gender and Women’s Studies. Her research interests span ethical theory, practical ethics, social and political philosophy, philosophy of law, feminist theory, critical race theory, and the places where these areas of inquiry intersect.
She has served as the editor of the American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy, and on the American Philosophical Association Committee on the Status of Women. She is a founding member of FEAST, the Association for Feminist Ethics and Social Theory. She has also served on the American Philosophical Association Board of Officers, the Council to the Chair of the APA Board, the APA Committee on the Status and Future of the Profession, and as Chair of the APA's Committee on Inclusiveness in the Profession. In 2007 Professor Callahan was honored as the U.S. Society for Women in Philosophy's Distinguished Woman Philosopher. In 2008, she was the faculty recipient of the President's Award for Diversity at the University of Kentucky. Most recently, she has been working with Nancy Tuana on filming in-depth interviews with many of the scholars who made up the first cohort of feminist philosophers in and affecting North American philosophy. That project involves two days of filming with each participant, followed by the production of two-hour edited versions of the interviews, which are available as they are produced through the Rock Ethics Institute at Penn State University (http://rockethics.psu.edu/education/oral-history-feminist-philosophers .
California State University, Los Angeles
Ann Garry is Professor of Philosophy Emerita at California
State University, Los Angeles, where she was founding director of the Center
for the Study of Genders and Sexualities and served several terms as Philosophy
Department Chair. In the past decade she
has also taught at UCLA, as Humphrey Chair of Feminist Philosophy at the
University of Waterloo, and on two Fulbright fellowships, the first at the
University of Tokyo and, in fall 2013, at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest.
Garry’s work in feminist philosophy and on behalf of women
and other underrepresented groups in philosophy spans a broad range of
activities over four decades. There was
much work to do in the early days of feminist philosophy. Garry was on the
ground floor, participating in much of it.
She developed early courses in feminist philosophy and gave workshops on
integrating feminism into other courses.
She was one of the founders of Hypatia:
A Journal of Feminist Philosophy and of the Society for Women in Philosophy,
Pacific Division. She served on the APA
Committee on Women in the 1970s and another term later. Through the decades she has kept up this pace
in many projects, most recently by becoming one of the editors of feminist
philosophy for The Stanford Encyclopediaof Philosophy and of the Feminist Philosophy category of PhilPapers.
Although Garry’s education was in mainstream analytic
epistemology and philosophy of mind, she claimed feminist philosophy as her
specialty in the 1970s and has pursued it ever since. In her current work she pursues themes of
intersectionality, earlier versions of which can be seen in, for example, “Intersectionality,
Metaphors, and the Multiplicity of Gender” (Hypatia
2011). She is also working with Serene
Khader and Alison Stone on a Routledge
Companion to Feminist Philosophy. Over
the decades she has written on a wide range of topics ranging from pornography,
abortion, and feminist bioethics to feminist epistemology and philosophical
methods, especially in relation to analytic philosophy (see, for example, “A
Minimally Decent Philosophical Method? Analytic Philosophy and Feminism” [Hypatia 2005]). She also co-edited Women, Knowledge and Reality (Routledge 1996) and a special issue
of Hypatia in 2009: Transgender Studies and Feminism: Theory,
Politics, and Gendered Realities.
Teresa Blankmeyer Burke
Teresa Blankmeyer Burke is assistant
professor of philosophy at Gallaudet University, the world’s only liberal arts
college for deaf and hard of hearing people. She received her bachelor’s degree
from Mills College, and her master’s and doctoral degrees from the University
of New Mexico. She is the first signing Deaf woman in the world to receive
a Ph.D. in philosophy, having accessed her graduate education through American
Sign Language (ASL) interpreters.
photographer: Rhea Kennedy
Burke’s research for the most part resides in deaf
philosophy, the space where philosophy intersects with Deaf studies. (The use
of uppercase Deaf designates the cultural community of signed language users;
lower case deaf designates audiological status). Topics she has published on include
moral justification regarding the use of genetic technology to bear deaf
children (specifically, the question of signing Deaf potential parents
considering this option) and signed language interpreting ethics.
Burke has interests in virtue ethics,
and is using the professional virtues of signed language interpreters, such as
(glossed in ASL) DEAF-HEART and ATTITUDE, as a testbed for philosophical
accounts of the virtues. Another project uses the notion of deaf gain (contra
hearing loss) to work through conceptions of intrinsic and instrumental value. Her
newest endeavor explores questions related to deaf well-being; works in
progress include papers on deaf liberty and full access to language as a good.
She is coauthoring the book Puzzles
About Disability (Oxford 2014) with Adrienne Asch, Margaret Battin,
Gretchen Case, Leslie Francis, and Anita Silvers.
Burke’s teaching is driven by her
experience of learning philosophy in ASL and English. Gallaudet University is a
bilingual university -- she teaches philosophy in ASL, using English
language texts. Given that American Sign Language is a relatively new language
used by few formally trained philosophers, the philosophical lexicon in ASL is
quite small. One of Burke’s aims in teaching philosophy to deaf and hard
of hearing students is figuring out what it is to do philosophy in American Sign Language. This is not only a
matter of developing the necessary philosophical vocabulary in ASL, but also
includes such considerations as determining how
linguistic features (e.g. use of space, hand and body orientation, gaze) mark
philosophical moves, and what an argument looks like (literally) in ASL. In exploring
the question of what it is to “talk philosophy” in ASL with her students, one
strategy that Burke uses exploits syntactical markers in conversational ASL as
pedagogical tools. As an example, when teaching her students to identify
arguments, Burke employs the everyday ASL convention of asking rhetorical
questions before supplying reasons, which are typically counted off in order on
the non-dominant hand.
Burke contributes to public philosophy
in the signing Deaf community by facilitating public discussions on bioethics
and interpreting ethics through blogs and vlogs in English and ASL. She also blogs
for Feminist Philosophers. Burke currently serves on the American Philosophical
Association Inclusiveness Committee, the American Society for Bioethics and
Humanities Task Force on Disability, the World Federation of the Deaf Bioethics
Committee, and chairs the U.S. National Association of the Deaf Subcommittee on
Bioethics. She has served as a reviewer for the National Science Foundation,
the Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Sign Language Studies, and the
Gallaudet Research Institute.
Susanna SchellenbergRutgers University
Susanna Schellenberg is an Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Rutgers University. She holds a secondary appointment at the Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science (RuCCS). Before joining the faculty at Rutgers, she spent several years at the Australian National University. Schellenberg was the first woman to be hired in a permanent position in the School of Philosophy at the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University.
She works on a range of topics in epistemology, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of language. The issues she has tackled include the nature of perceptual experience, evidence, capacities, mental content, and imagination. She has developed an integrated account of the phenomenological and epistemological role of perceptual experience. One of the key ideas in developing this account is that perceptual experience is a matter of employing perceptual capacities.
In epistemology, Schellenberg has developed a new account of the epistemic force of experience. She argues that sensory states provide perceptual evidence due to their metaphysical structure: Sensory states are yielded by employing perceptual capacities that function to single out particulars in our environment. So there is primacy of the employment of perceptual capacities in perception over their employment in hallucination and illusion. Due to this primacy, sensory states provide us with evidence. This view of evidence is externalist while avoiding the pitfalls of reliabilist accounts. Moreover, it provides for an evidential answer to how and why we are in a better epistemic position when we perceive than when we hallucinate.
In philosophy of mind, Schellenberg has defended the idea that experience is representational and developed a detailed account of the nature of perceptual content that advances a new way of understanding singular modes of presentations. She argues that experience is fundamentally both relational and representational. This view of content has interesting implications for the sensory character of experience. It provides for a way of understanding sensory character in terms of a mental activity, more specifically, in terms of employing perceptual capacities. The idea is that in hallucination, we employ the very same perceptual capacities that in a subjectively indistinguishable perceptual experience are employed as a consequence of being related to external, mind-independent objects or property-instances. Employing perceptual capacities yields a mental state with content. This representational account of sensory character is an alternative to the orthodox approach on which sensory character is analyzed in terms of awareness relations to abstract entities, such as properties, sense-data, or other peculiar entities. By arguing that we employ the very same perceptual capacities in subjectively indistinguishable perceptions, hallucinations, and illusions, Schellenberg provides a substantive way of understanding the common factor between these experiences.
Another focus of her research has been space perception and the situation-dependency of perception. In addition to her primary areas of research, she has written papers on inferential semantics and the philosophy of Gottlob Frege.
Lisa Tessman is an Associate Professor of Philosophy, and an
affiliated faculty member in the program in Women, Gender, and Sexuality
Studies, at Binghamton University. She teaches in the Graduate Program in
Social, Political, Ethical and Legal Philosophy (SPEL), as well as in
undergraduate programs in Philosophy, and in Philosophy, Politics and Law
(PPL). Tessman received her BA in Philosophy from Carleton College in 1988, and
her Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in 1996.
Tessman’s research is primarily in ethics; her approach is feminist,
and she contextualizes her work by considering the social and political
conditions in which moral experiences take place. Her first monograph, Burdened Virtues: Virtue Ethics for
Liberatory Struggles, was published by Oxford University Press in 2005. It
focuses on virtues that carry a cost—in terms of flourishing—to those who
practice them under oppression. She has also published a number of articles,
has edited a collection called Feminist
Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non-Ideal (Springer,
2009), and has co-edited (with Bat-Ami Bar On) a volume called Jewish Locations: Traversing Racialized
Landscapes (Rowman & Littlefield, 2001). Tessman is currently working
on a second monograph, tentatively entitled Moral
Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality, which exposes difficulties
of moral life that result from some moral failures’ being inevitable. The book
investigates several different literatures—ranging from scholarship on
Holocaust testimony to ideal and nonideal theory, from accounts of
supererogation to debates about moral demandingness and to feminist care
ethics—in which impossible moral requirements tend to be unacknowledged. In
this range of settings, the denial that there can be impossible moral
requirements obscures something about the contingent experience of a certain
kind of deep valuing, namely that it constitutively involves taking some acts
to be unthinkable and others to be non-negotiably required. Taking a
constructivist approach, Tessman tries to make sense of how moral requirements
that contravene the principle that “ought implies can” can come to carry moral
authority, and how apprehending these impossible moral requirements impacts
Tessman was a founding member of the Association for
Feminist Ethics and Social Theory (FEAST) and served on its Steering Committee
from 1999-2011 in a variety of capacities, including Chair of the Steering
Committee, Chair of the Program Committee, and Chair of the Diversity Committee.
She has also been serving since 2009 on the Board of Associate Editors for Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy.
Tessman also served for a term on the APA Committee on Inclusiveness in the
Profession, and on the Distinguished Woman Philosopher Award Selection
Committee for the Society for Women in Philosophy (SWIP).